Aji Amarillo Paste Peruvian delicacy

Aji Amarillo, also known as the yellow chili pepper, is an essential ingredient in Peruvian cuisine. This vibrant and flavorful pepper is commonly used to prepare a unique and delicious condiment known as Aji Amarillo paste. This paste is a beloved staple in Peruvian households and is admired worldwide for its versatility and distinct taste. In this article, we will explore the origins, uses, and benefits of Aji Amarillo paste, as well as provide a simple recipe for making it at home.

Origins of Aji Amarillo

Aji Amarillo peppers are native to South America, particularly Peru, where they have been cultivated for centuries. These peppers are a vital part of Peruvian gastronomy and have become synonymous with the country’s culinary heritage. With a Scoville heat rating of 30,000 to 50,000, Aji Amarillo peppers offer a mild to moderate level of spiciness, making them suitable for a wide range of palates.

The Making of Aji Amarillo Paste

Aji Amarillo paste is traditionally crafted by blending or grinding fresh Aji Amarillo peppers with various ingredients to create a smooth, thick paste. While the exact recipe may vary, the core ingredients typically include Aji Amarillo peppers, garlic, onion, oil, vinegar, and salt. These ingredients are combined to form a vibrant orange paste that exudes a tantalizing aroma and a balanced mix of flavors.

Culinary Uses of Aji Amarillo Paste

The versatility of Aji Amarillo paste makes it a must-have ingredient in Peruvian cooking. Its unique flavor profile adds a distinctive touch to a wide array of dishes. Here are some popular culinary uses for Aji Amarillo paste:

  1. Marinades and Sauces: Aji Amarillo paste serves as an excellent base for marinades and sauces. It infuses a captivating spiciness and depth of flavor into grilled meats, seafood, and vegetable dishes.
  2. Soups and Stews: Adding Aji Amarillo paste to soups and stews imparts an authentic Peruvian taste. It elevates the overall flavor profile, making the dish more robust and satisfying.
  3. Dips and Spreads: Aji Amarillo paste can be incorporated into various dips and spreads, such as aioli or mayonnaise. It adds a zesty kick that perfectly complements snacks, sandwiches, or even as a flavorful accompaniment to fresh vegetables.
  4. Rice and Grain Dishes: Mixing Aji Amarillo paste into rice or grain dishes infuses them with a vibrant color and a subtle heat. It brings an element of excitement to otherwise ordinary sides.

Health Benefits of Aji Amarillo Paste

Apart from its culinary merits, Aji Amarillo paste also offers several health benefits. Here are some notable advantages:

  1. Vitamin C: Aji Amarillo peppers are rich in vitamin C, which is essential for a healthy immune system and collagen production.
  2. Capsaicin: The compound responsible for the spiciness of Aji Amarillo peppers, capsaicin, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.
  3. Antioxidants: Aji Amarillo peppers contain antioxidants that help protect the body against oxidative stress and cellular damage.
  4. Metabolism Boost: Studies suggest that capsaicin may increase metabolism, aiding in weight management and promoting a healthy digestive system.

Making Aji Amarillo Paste at Home

While Aji Amarillo paste can be readily purchased in stores, making it at home allows you to control the ingredients and tailor it to your preferences. Here’s a simple recipe to create your own Aji Amarillo paste:


  • 6 to 8 Aji Amarillo peppers (seeds and veins removed)
  • 4 cloves of garlic
  • 1 small onion, roughly chopped
  • 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
  • 1 tablespoon of white vinegar
  • 1 teaspoon of salt


  1. In a blender or food processor, combine the Aji Amarillo peppers, garlic, and onion. Blend until they form a smooth paste-like consistency.
  2. Heat the vegetable oil in a pan over medium heat. Add the Aji Amarillo paste and cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally.
  3. Remove the pan from the heat and allow the mixture to cool for a few minutes.
  4. Transfer the paste to a bowl and stir in the vinegar and salt until well combined.
  5. Taste and adjust the seasoning according to your preference.
  6. Store the Aji Amarillo paste in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 2 weeks.

Now, you have your very own homemade Aji Amarillo paste ready to enhance your culinary creations in the comfort of your kitchen.

In conclusion, Aji Amarillo paste is a Peruvian delicacy that brings a burst of flavor and spice to a multitude of dishes. Its unique taste and vibrant color make it a beloved ingredient in Peruvian cuisine and a favorite among food enthusiasts worldwide. Whether you choose to buy it or make it at home, the versatility and health benefits of Aji Amarillo paste are sure to elevate your culinary experience. So, embrace the flavors of Peru by incorporating this delightful condiment into your cooking repertoire.


Q: Where are Aji Amarillo peppers native to?

A: Aji Amarillo peppers are native to South America, particularly Peru.

Q: What is the Scoville heat rating of Aji Amarillo peppers?

A: Aji Amarillo peppers have a Scoville heat rating of 30,000 to 50,000, offering a mild to moderate level of spiciness.

Q: What are the core ingredients of Aji Amarillo paste?

A: The core ingredients of Aji Amarillo paste typically include Aji Amarillo peppers, garlic, onion, oil, vinegar, and salt.

Q: What are some culinary uses of Aji Amarillo paste?

A: Aji Amarillo paste can be used in marinades and sauces, soups and stews, dips and spreads, as well as rice and grain dishes.

Leave a Comment